January 2021: Platinum Supply. The outlook for an investment in platinum is, as with all commodities, intrinsically linked to its fundamental supply/demand position, with value tending to reflect the market balance. Typically, prices rise on consecutive deficits and fall on consecutive surpluses, although this is not always the case.
CME Group is the world's leading and most diverse derivatives marketplace offering the widest range of futures and options products for risk management. Working in partnership with WPIC, CME publish bespoke information and content in relation to platinum aimed at informing and educating both their institutional and retail clients.
October 2020: A deep dive into the demand for platinum jewellery. Jewellery is the second largest demand segment for platinum, accounting historically for between 26 and 35 per cent of total annual platinum demand. Platinum’s rarity and precious metal status has led to strong, long-standing associations with the luxury goods market, especially in western markets and Japan. China is the largest market for platinum jewellery, with a market share of 41 per cent, or 871 koz, in 2019, although this has been on a declining trend since the peak of the market in China in 2013 when demand reached 1,990 koz.
August 2020: Automotive demand. Platinum has been used in autocatalysts for over forty years, with automotive demand the single largest demand segment for platinum, accounting for around 40% of annual platinum demand. As a result, investor sentiment towards platinum is heavily influenced by trends in the auto sector, which has had to overcome significant challenges, including the Dieselgate scandal, in recent times.
This year, automakers are feeling the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic; in the first half of 2020, global light vehicle sales contracted 28% year on year, with European sales down 43%. Yet behind the headline data, and against a background of tightening emissions legislation around the world, a more detailed examination reveals several automotive themes, including resurgent diesel demand and substitution by platinum for palladium, that point to a more positive outlook for platinum automotive demand than auto sales data alone might suggest.
Feb 2020: Industrial demand is a key segment for platinum. Understanding the dynamics of platinum demand is essential to understanding the investment case for platinum, which is based on an evaluation of trends in platinum demand, supply, and market balances. Currently, platinum demand growth drivers, against a backdrop of constrained supply, increase the consequent likelihood of future deficits. Industrial use of platinum is diverse in terms of both end uses and geography, coming from six main sectors - chemical, medical, glass, petroleum and other (which includes platinum-based hydrogen fuel cells, used in FCEVs (FCEVs)
Industrial demand for platinum is not reliant on any one sector or territory and is likely to continue growing at or above the rate of global growth.
Dec 2019: Investing in platinum. Diversification? Relative value? Supply/demand fundamentals? Inflation hedge? Irrespective of the reason for seeking exposure to platinum as an investment asset, there is a wide range of routes available when it comes to addressing the question of how to invest in platinum. Investors have a broad range of choices to consider, including: platinum bullion; online bullion accounts; physically-backed platinum exchange-traded funds; and futures contracts.
In fact, investors are often surprised to discover just how accessible platinum investment is, with ownership of physical platinum possible without the onus of vaulting. Fractional ownership is also an option and, depending on the type of investment, minimum investment levels can start at around US$50. What is more, as a rare metal with unique properties, in demand as both an industrial and precious metal, platinum is attractive as a long-term store of value. It can form part of a retirement savings plan, in much the same way as shares in a listed company or an exchange traded fund, including those physically- backed, like gold and platinum.
Oct 2019: Introduction to platinum: Precious metal with wide industrial uses. Platinum has a unique combination of physical and chemical properties; it is in demand as both a precious and industrial metal. Its high melting point, density, ultra-stability and extreme non-corrosiveness make it crucial to many industrial and manufacturing processes, yet it is also used to fabricate the finest jewellery in the world. Platinum is also an investment asset that reflects its value across the demand spectrum from industrial to precious metal. It is included in investment portfolios via physical bars and coins, on-line bullion accounts, physically-backed exchanged traded funds and through futures contracts.
Thirty times rarer than gold, platinum is found at very low concentrations in the Earth’s crust. Platinum extraction from mining is concentrated in only three geographical locations in the world, with 80 per cent of all production in Southern Africa. Around 6 moz (190 metric tons) of platinum is mined worldwide each year, compared to 108 moz (3,300 metric tons) of gold. Each year, a further 2 moz (60 metric tons) of platinum comes from recycling, predominantly from autocatalysts in end-of-life vehicles.